Research Methodology and Theory

Chaos Theory Structural-Functionalism
Conflict Theory Symbolic Interactionism

Ideology
John Lye.
"Ideology is a term developed in the Marxist tradition to talk about how cultures are structured in ways that enable the group holding power to have the maximum control with the minimum of conflict. This is not a matter of groups deliberately planning to oppress people or alter their consciousness (although this can happen), but rather a matter of how the dominant institutions in society work through values, conceptions of the world, and symbol systems, in order to legitimize the current order."

Highlights of Sociology
"Selected highlights of recent years include, maintaining the CURDS tradition of high quality urban and regional research (Gillespie and Marshall), and developing within the Centre agenda setting research on universities and regions (Goddard, Charles and Cornford-funded by ESRC, TSER and HEFCE) and devolution and regional governance (Tomaney-funded by Leverhulme and ESRC)."

Illuminations (Postmodernism, Marx, Nietzsche, Foucault, etc.)
This is a large group of additional links to various theorists.
Web Page Title
Comments
Chaos Theory
Chaos and the Concept
of Structure
Chaos Experience This site develops the basic principles of Chaos Theory.
Chaos Homepage "Chaos theory is among the youngest of the sciences, and has rocketed from its obscure roots in the seventies to become one of the most fascinating fields in existence. At the forefront of much research on physical systems, and already being implemented in fields covering as diverse matter as arrhythmic pacemakers, image compression, and fluid dynamics, chaos science promises to continue to yield absorbing scientific information which may shape the face of science in the future."
Class Structure and
Non-Linear Social Dynamics
"Postmodern critiques of structure and 'grand narratives' are pointed at modernists conceptions of structure and process. The new sciences of chaos and complexity render such critiques of limited scope. The geometry of actually existing 'structures' do not fit the tight and tidy models of structures such that boundaries can be clearly drawn, cases assigned unambiguously and correlations derived which are always and everywhere valid."
Common Theory Project A site devoted to the interactive, collective development and application of common theory.
Complexity Papers on complex adaptive systems as related to chaos theory.
Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology and the Life Sciences
Society for the Study of
Symbolic Interaction
A set of resources for qualitative researchers.
Ty Young Lecture Series
Listed below are some papers
written for the Red
Feather Institute
These are a series of lectures from the Red Feather Institute for Advanced Studies in Sociology that relate Chaos Theory to Symbolic Interactionism.
Chaos and Crime
Chaos and the Drama of Social Change
Chaos Theory and Human Agency
Chaos Theory and the Knowledge Process
Paradigm Theory
Reinventing Socialism
Red Feather Institute for Advanced Studies in Sociology
Symbolic Interactionism Theory and Nonlinear Dynamics
Conflict Theory
A Contribution to The Critique of
Hegel's Philosophy of Right
Karl Marx
"The profane existence of error is compromised as soon as its heavenly oratio pro aris et focis ["speech for the altars and hearths"] has been refuted. Man, who has found only the reflection of himself in the fantastic reality of heaven, where he sought a superman, will no longer feel disposed to find the mere appearance of himself, the non-man ["Unmensch"], where he seeks and must seek his true reality."
Basics of Conflict Theory
Randall Collins
"The level of interpersonal interaction is all-inclusive; by the same token, it is highly abstract. To reduce its myriad complexities to causal order requires theory on another level of analysis. The most fruitful tradition of explanatory theory is the conflict tradition, running from Machiavelli and Hobbes to Marx and Weber."
Concepts of Capital
Geoff Pilling
"It is no accident that nearly all the attacks launched against Capital have been directed against the fundamental concepts of the work - the law of value, the notion of surplus value, etc. It has been asserted that these categories do not correspond to the observed development of capitalism; either this or they are merely theoretical constructs, a legacy of Marx's unfortunate flirtation with Hegelianism."
Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict
Thomas F. Dixon
"If we wish to understand a society's capacity to prevent severe social disruption (where the preventive action could be either mitigation of, or adaptation to"
Hegelian Dialectics and Conspiracy "At first sight, militant national power appears to be the major force in history; but if there is a power which can bring nations into military conflict, it is a superior power. Is there such a power, and where, if anywhere, is it located?"
Historical Materialism
Joseph Stalin
"Historical materialism is the extension of the principles of dialectical materialism to the study of social life, an application of the principles of dialectical materialism to the phenomena of the life of society, to the study of society and of its history."
Marxist Sociology Section of the ASA A resource and meeting point for Marxist scholars from the American Sociological Association.
Larry Miller "It has been a long time since we could talk of "Marxism' as a unified theory or one which could compel substantial agreement about even fundamental concepts and priorities . There is no single argument whose resolution will resolve the disagreements that divide us."
The Nature of Conflict
James C. Melamed
"Effectively dealing with conflict requires the expression and management of participants' varying perspectives, interests, belief systems and values. It is important to meet the participants exactly where they are. Hear from them fully before tying to lead them anywhere. You can not effectively move toward resolution until each participant experiences themselves to be heard on "their perspective," "what they want," and "why."
Regaining Marxism
Ken Post
It is impossible to do full justice here to this monumental and ambitious book. However, the importance and significance of Post's work is not only reserved for sociologists and Marxists but for a much wider politically aware readership. This is made even more evident in the face of the current intellectual fad of obeisance to so-called postmodernism and post- structuralism and attacks on 'normal' sociological paradigms such as Marxist/conflict theory.
Social Inequality "A 1979 Carnegie study ("Small Futures: Children, Inequality, and the Limits of Liberal Reform", Richard de Lone principal investigator) found that a child's future to be largely determined by social status, not brains. Consider Bobby and Jimmy, two second-graders, who both pay attention in the classroom, do well, and have nearly identical I.Q.s. Yet Bobby is the son of a successful lawyer; Jimmy's works infrequently as custodial assistant. Despite their similarities, the difference in the circumstances to which they were born makes it 27 times more likely that Bobby will get a job that by time he is in late 40s will pay him an income in the top tenth of all incomes in this country. Jimmy had about one chance in eight of earning even a median income."
Socialist Theory Page "The essence of all life is race and blood. There is a superior race called the Aryan (or Nordic) race. This has subdued inferior races and built civilisation. However, cross-breeding with inferiors is bringing about physical decline and spiritual decadence."
World Socialist Web Site This site and its biweekly journal, The International Workers Bulletin (IWB) is dedicated to "the revival of a socialist and working class internationalism, based on genuine Marxist principles". 
Structural-Functionalism
A Remembrance of Erving Goffman California's impressive economic growth was tied to its university system. As John Lofland observes he demonstrated the difference between "professing and merely teaching."
Structures of Nationalism Structuralism, functionalism, and voluntarism are currently taboo in the social sciences. (This reverses the standard assumption, that periods of revolution in science are the periods of innovation in science.) The article attempts to show how characteristics of classic nationalism, and more recent identity politics, are part of nationalist structures. They involve either the exclusion of other forms of state, or of other orders of states, or the intensification of identity as it exists.
STRATEGY AND TACTICS OF DYNAMIC FUNCTIONALISM Michael Faia. Department of Sociology. College of William & Mary. Williamsburg  The thesis of this book is that Kingsley Davis, in his famous presidential address before the American Sociological Association (1959), was mistaken in the claim that all sociologists are functionalists and that the functionalist paradigm is basically unsound.
Symbolic Interactionism
About Sociology "A Ph.D. student specializing in our program would typically begin with a course covering major theoretical perspectives in social psychology. This course is followed by seminars addressing topics such as attribution theory, behavior analysis, symbolic interaction, social exchange and group processes."
Alpha Kappa Delta "The purpose of the Society is to promote an interest in the study of sociology, research of social problems, and such other social and intellectual activities as will lead to improvement in the human condition."
Anselm L. Strauss  "Strauss received numerous prestigious professional awards including the Leo G. Reeder Award for Distinguished Contributions to Medical Sociology, the Mead Career Award from the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction."
Ethno/CA News Information on Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis is presented in a fairly consise manner. the site contains news, basic resources, conferences, recent publications and more.
Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis this is a newsletter published by Paul ten Have of the University of Amsterdam.
Language and Culture in the Information Age  "The technology of the information age clarifies the relationship between symbols and the physical world, generating a broader understanding of how symbolic interaction transforms the way we see and live in the world around us. Some effects are as immediate and visible as the dramatic transformation of work in the industrial nations."
Louisa Howe "To Whom It May
Concern"
I realized that their kind of psychotherapy basically took place on a symbolic level and therefore could aptly be called "symbolic interactionism' -- the name of a sub-discipline within sociology largely based on the contributions of George H. Mead, especially his Mind,-Self and society (1934)."
Mead "Central idea: Human thought is a process that allows humans to adjust, adapt, and achieve goals in an environment."
Membership in Symbolic Interaction Society Members receive the quarterly Journal of Symbolic Interaction and the Newsletter "(filled with great info) on a quarterly basis."
Methodological Issues in Conversation Analysis Conversation Analysis, a research tradition that grew out of ethnomethodology, has some unique methodological features. It studies the social organization of 'conversation', or 'talk-in-interaction', by a detailed inspection of tape recordings and transcriptions made from such recordings. Ten Have describes some of those features in the interest of exploring their grounds.
PARADIGM THEORY "The relationship between object of study and the knowing subject is further confounded in the case of the many forms of social reality by the fact that all social reality is a product of a very complex and subtle symbolic interactional process in which social facts defined as true become true in the consequence of one's belief in them and in the activities one pursues in consequence of that belief."
   
Social Interactionism as
Defined by Herbert Blumer
"Herbert Blumer, originator of the term "symbolic interactionism," had a profound effect on social theory and methodology."
Society and Animals Abstract 
Volume 5, Number 1
"We review recent research on symbolic interaction between humans and dogs, and we present our own research findings on human­feline interaction. We conclude that there is growing evidence that symbolic interaction is widely distributed throughout the animal kingdom, and that it enables animals to survive more effectively in a wide variety of environments."
Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction (SSSI) Homepage "Symbolic Interaction seeks to encourage and showcase the study of interpersonal conduct and experience.  Emphasis is given to empirically grounded research, but essays that concern theory and conceptual development are also welcome.  All methods are welcome, but emphasis is given to research that is based upon ethnographic and other qualitative methods."
Sociology and Crime "Examines crime in three sociological perspectives: symbolic interactionism, structural conflict theory, and ethnomethodology. The hosts Drs. Stephen Hester and Peter Eglin, apply these perspectives to three areas: making crime by making law, making crime through law enforcement, and making crime through the administration of justice."
Symbolic Interactionism "Symbolic interactionism is a theory created by sociologist George Herbert Mead and explains why humans attribute names and symbols to things in there environment."
Symbolic Interaction Application "Symbolic interactionism is the idea that society or the people we relate to have a significant impact on how we view ourselves. Our identity is shaped by how others react to us and by the combination of the "me" and the "I."."
SYMBOLIC INTERACTION AND CULTURAL STUDIES Edited by Howard S. Becker and Michal M. McCall Symbolic interactionism, resolutely empirical in  practice, shares theoretical concerns with cultural studies and humanistic discourse."
Symbolic Interactionism Theory Application "Throughout this application of theory, I am going to explain this theory to you, using a more familiar example, the comic strip Calvin and Hobbes, written by Bill Watterson. Take for example this comic strip: Calvin is talking to Hobbes when he states, "I've decided to stop caring about things."
Symbolic Interactionism Web Page "Welcome to the symbolic interactionism home page! In this site, Samm Wood and Jim Jolley will use web links, abstracts, and discussions to help you better understand the exciting world of of symbolic interactionism."
   
THEORY and METHOD "The articles included review and update work in the fields of symbolic interaction and cultural studies and develop discussions of the relationship between these two disciplinary areas. The book contains a collection of very relevant papers and is consequently highly recommended, and indeed should be required reading for both teachers and students of the subjects covered."