Social Stratification and Inequality

Web Page Title

Comments

   
ATTITUDES TOWARDS SOCIAL INEQUALITY "Inequality, defined in economic terms, has always been a crucial issue in sociology. Once again, this issue has become an important subject of analysis. Research shows that the gap between the poor and the rich is increasing in several Western countries. For example, in the United States the tendency towards a reduction in economic difference was reversed around 1970 and the gap has broadened in the 80's and 90's. However, the most radical changes have occurred as a result of the transition to market economies in Eastern Europe and in large parts of the Third World."
   
Economic Security Project This book presents detailed, reliable information concerning poverty in America -- both current and historical. It analyzes the causes of poverty and proposes specific measures for how we can best establish universal economic security.
Educational Inequality against Europe International education and exchange programs are characterized by inequality. In Europe, they are often anti-European in nature and effect. Universities in Europe are characterized by extreme inequality. Almost all academics know this, but consider it normal.
E.L.I.T.E. Sociology: Social Stratification Selections  
Executive PayWatch If you think America's corporate executives are out of control with their lavish salaries, bonuses, and stock options, you're right. Here are some facts you might not want to know. In 1965, CEOs made 44 times the average factory worker's salary. Today, that figure is 212 times.
   
Forbes 400 Richest People in America From Bill Gates ($80 billion) to Oprah Winfrey (a miserable $415 million), Forbes Magazine has made its annual 400 Richest People in America feature available on the web. You can view the list by worth or alphabetically. There is also a Rich List Generator that allows the list to be searched by net worth, home state, age, industry, and marital status. Minimum requirements to make the list increased from $340 million last year to $415 million this year. Explanation of list methodology is also available.
Forbes - Technology's Very Richest 100 Forbes ASAP lists the 100 richest technology entrepreneurs in America. From Bill Gates ($38.6 billion), via Jim Clark from Netscape ($ 597 million) to Mark Horowitz from Rambus ($48.7 million). The list can be sorted by name, company, or rank. There is a brief biography of each individual, along with a listing of others from the individual's company that are on the list.
   
How the pie is sliced. America's Growing Concentration of Wealth A paper explaining the increasing disparity between the rich and the poor, and how it developed.
   
Income Statistics USA From the U.S. Census Bureau.
Inequality in America A collection of articles from The American Prospect: A Journal for the Liberal Imagination. 
INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE PROGRAM: SOCIAL INEQUALITY
This site is the home of The International Social Survey Program (ISSP) which "deals with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys.  This collection, the third module in the series, contains data from Australia, Austria, the Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Great Britain, the United States, and Switzerland. Questions asked of respondents focused on equality of income, wealth, and opportunity. Respondents were asked for their perceptions of the extent of present inequality, explanations for inequality, and support for government programs to reduce inequality."
   
Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) A cooperative research project with a membership that includes 25 countries on four continents: Europe, America, Asia and Oceania. The LIS project began in 1983 under the joint sponsorship of the government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Centre for Population, Poverty and Policy Studies (CEPS) and is located at the CEPS/INSTEAD Institute in Differdange in Luxembourg. The site provides an introduction, newsletters, working papers, information on the annual workshops, income and poverty statistics, and extensive documentation concerning technical aspects of the survey data and the social institutions of income provision in member countries.
   
Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) This longitudinal survey of a representative sample of US individuals and the families in which they reside has been ongoing since 1968. PSID data can be used for cross-sectional, longitudinal, and intergenerational analysis and for studying both individuals and families. You can download entire data sets, including the code books and questionnaires.
Polarization of American Society: Victims, Suspects, and Mysteries to Unravel   This is a paper that presents an overview of U.S. wage, income, and wealth trends for the past quarter century.
Progress of Nations According to the authors, "The day will come when the progress of nations will be judged not by their military or economic strength, nor by the splendor of their capital cities and public buildings, but by the well-being of their peoples: by their levels of health, nutrition and education; by their opportunities to earn a fair reward for their labors; by their ability to participate in the decisions that affect their lives; by the respect that is shown for their civil and political liberties; by the provision that is made for those who are vulnerable and disadvantaged; and by the protection that is afforded to the growing minds and bodies of their children. The Progress of Nations, published annually by the United Nations Children's Fund, is a contribution towards that day."
PROMINENT SOCIOLOGIST WILLIAM JULIUS WILSON ADDRESSES SOCIAL INEQUALITY
"Wilson's speech, entitled 'The New Social Inequality and Race-Based Public Policy,"  addressed affirmative action, ways to decrease racial tensions in society and ways to "direct society toward inter-racial unity.'  He said there is inequality within the African American community and, if problems are going to be remedied, society needs to understand that inequality."
   
Share the Wealth People concerned that the concentration of wealth is hurting the US want to revitalize America through a more fair distribution of wealth.
Slavery Resources "Welcome to Questia, the world's largest online library of over 45,000 books and 360,000 journal, magazine and newspaper articles. Click to preview a title. Subscribe for unlimited access to the entire library."
Social Change Reports  
SOCIAL INEQUALITY "Inequality appears to have always been an inherent feature in society and is no exclusive characteristic of a particular social pattern or period of history. The main forms of social inequality are those that result from disparities of wealth and income, those related to differential prestige or honor, and those derived from the distribution of power. These dimensions of inequality are related but not reducible to each other."
SOCIAL INEQUALITY AND CLASSES This site offers several kinds of issues related to social inequality such as "Inequality at the Margins," and "Inequality in America."
SOCIAL INEQUALITY HARMS HEALTH "Socioeconomic differentials are arguably the most important public health problem  facing our nation.   People of lower socioeconomic status by education and income have a  multitude of psychosocial risk factors that health care alone will not be able to  overcome including smoking, lack of exercise, immoderate eating and drinking, and high fat/low fiber diets."
Some Principles of Stratification [1945] This is about the Davis-Moore Thesis. "Davis and Moore are interested in the relationship between stratification and the rest of the social order. Stratification is defined as the unequal rights and perquisites of different positions in a society. They are interested in the system of positions in society and not the individuals occupying those positions. Their approach is strictly functionalist in that they argue that is a society is to survive, then a functionally efficient means of fitting talented individuals to occupations must develop. Stratification supplies this mechanism."
Social Stratification: Chicago  
Social Stratification and Mobility Survey (SSM) This is a collection of personal histories concerned with social status and inequality.
Some Principles of Stratification [1945]  
Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination American Sociological Review 43:704-20. (Summary)
   
Theories of Inequalities An on-line course from the Department of Sociology, McMaster University, Canada.
Top Heavy: A Study of the Increasing Inequality of Wealth in America This paper shows how the sharp increase in inequality since the late 1970s has made distribution of wealth in the United States more unequal than at any time since the Great Depression.