Tribal and Native Nations Sites

Canada Hopi Other U.S. Tribes/Nations
Cherokee Iroquois Sioux/Lakhota/Dakota
Diné (Navajo) Latin America  
Hawaiian Nation Other Cultural Resources  
Iroquois Confederacy
Web Page Title Comments
Akwesasne Notes Kahniakehaka Nation,  Akwesasne Mohawk Territory
Haudenosaunee/Mohawk "Welcome to the Haudenosaunee Home Page, the official source of news and information from the Haudenosaunee, comprised of the traditional leadership of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk and Tuscarora Nations. Haudenosaunee means People Building a Long House. That Long House is a way of life where the many native nations live in peace under one common law."
Indian Defense League of America "The Indian Defense League of America was established on December 1, 1926 to resist further erosion of the rights of Indians in North America. The IDLA was established to guarantee unrestricted passage on the continent of North America for Indian people. Unrestricted passage is considered an inherent right for indigenous people."
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs  
Seneca Nation of Indians "Welcome to the home page of The Seneca Nation Of Indians. The Seneca Nation of Indians (SNI) is one of the six tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy who occupy aboriginal lands in New York State set aside by the Treaty of Canandaigua of 1794. The Seneca Nation of Indians has a total population of over 7200 enrolled members and holds title to three reservations in New York, one of which includes the City of Salamanca."
Six Nations Of The Iroquois "These sketches of the Iroquois Nations were published Sunday, July 22, 1990, in the Herald American to accompany a news report. They were retrieved from the electronic archives of The Syracuse Newspapers. Copyright (c)1990, The Herald Company. All photos except Cayuga office and Oneida longhouse were taken during the week of July 12 - 19, 1997 by Loren Greene, Owner"  
Web Page Title Comments
Cherokee Messenger "The purpose of the Cherokee Cultural Society of Houston is to build community, to preserve Cherokee heritage, to perpetuate the Cherokee culture, and to build the future of our people."
Cherokee Nation Public Affairs Department  
Cherokee National Historical Society "Beyond this original mission, the Society is committed to educating not only the Cherokee people, but the general public through visual and performing arts, the written word, and the development of uniquely Cherokee resources. Acting as a base for the perpetuation of the educational and cultural activities of the Society, the Cherokee Heritage Center has welcomed over 2,500,000 visitors from all over the world who have experienced the rich Cherokee Heritage."
Cherokees of California, Inc. "The Cherokees of California, Inc., is a 501C-3 non-profit tribal organization incorporated in 1975. It is not affiliated with the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, nor is it a federally recognized tribal entity. We are banded together as descendants of a common Cherokee heritage. Our primary purpose is to preserve and pass on to the next generation our traditions, history and language."
Cherokee of Georgia Council "Today, some argue, we are at the dawn of a new era, one that will change the core of our society. Instances of cultural change on a societal level are rare in the history of the world. Europeans begin such a change in the 1400's, fueled by the ink of Gutenburg's printing press. Yet no society makes a change comparable to the dramatic cultural shift that the Cherokee accomplish in North Georgia from 1794 to 1835."
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians "Cherokee is located minutes away from the Gatlinburg/Pigeon Forge area of Tennessee. Asheville is only an hour away. In fact, Cherokee is midway between Atlanta, Georgia and Charlotte, North Carolina with easy access to the Qualla Boundary on state-maintained highways. Many of the roads that lead to Cherokee bring you through the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Blue Ridge Parkway. Cherokee is a great “home-base” for many great southeastern vacations."
Northern Cherokee Nation
The Northern Cherokee Nation is the only tribe of Indians which has been recognized by the Missouri government with a Missouri House of Representatives Resolution and a Governor's Proclamation. (see copies of these and the ones from Arkansas on our links).
In 1721 our forebears, started moving west of the Mississippi as English encroachers began taking away our eastern homelands along with our freedoms. "


Web Page Title Comments
A Guide to the Great Sioux Nation "Perhaps more than any other group, the men and women of the Lakota Nation (better known as The Sioux) -- with their graceful tipis, fast horses, warrior societies and richly feathered regalia -- have become the international symbol for all of America's native peoples."
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe "Our site includes information on our tribal leaders, our six district's information, including their elected representatives, community info and area wacipis (pow-wows) & celebrations), news, information about us (our flag, our history, our constitution & by-laws, laws & treaties affecting our tribe, and election information), contact info, education & employment opportunities on our reservation, our law enforcement and Military/Vet Info, native american links, tribal programs, affiliates and services, our tribal courts, a Lakota Word of the Day, with a Chat Room and a guestbook at the bottom of it's page, and a guest map (bottom of this page!)."
Lakota Wowapi Oti Kin "Welcome to the Lakota na Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin, The Lakota Dakota Information Home Page. This is a joint project by Martin Broken Leg at Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD, and Raymond Bucko, S.J. at Creighton University, Omaha, NE. This page deals with Lakota and Dakota peoples. These distinct but related groups are sometimes referred to as Sioux or Siouan peoples. This page does not represent an officially sanctioned voice for any of these peoples either as individuals or as corporate groups."
Sioux Heritage "Welcome to Lakhota.Com, a Native American owned and operated site for Natives and Non-Natives interested in the Lakhota Language and Culture."
Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe "Welcome to the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate (People) of the Lake Traverse Reservation (Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe)."
Web Page Title Comments
Hopi Cultural Center "The Hopi Reservation, in Northeastern Arizona, occupies parts of Navajo and Coconino Counties. It encompasses approximately 1,542,306 acres of which 911,000 acres is identified as the Hopi Partitioned Lands. Neighboring towns include Flagstaff, Winslow, and Holbrook. The Reservation consists of three major mesas rising up to 7,200 feet, surrounded by low altitude deserts and gullies. The land is most suitable for grazing with potential for agricultural development."
Hopi Information Network People of the Short Blue Corn

Diné (Navajo)

Web Page Title Comments
Crownpoint Community Network Project Native American Sites
Dineh Alliance "I have received a call from Leonard Benaly asking that as many folks as possible come out to support the Dineh elders at the hearing of the Manybeads case in the 9th circuit court in San Francisco, California, January 21, 1999. The Manybeads case is the oldest suit brought by an elder facing relocation."
Navajo Nation  
Sovereign Dineh Nation "We the undersigned represent over 45 resisting communities consisting of 2,000 - 3,000 people. We were never told by the Navajo Nation about S. 1973 "The Navajo - Hopi Land Dispute Settlement Act of 1996" and were never afforded the opportunity to a public hearing to voice our concerns although we are directly affected, We were never told about a hearing is the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs September 25 concerning Closure of the Relocation program although we are directly affected The US, government has spent over 300 billion dollars in an attempt to get us to relocate."

Hawaiian Nation

Web Page Title Comments
Hawaiian Sovereignty Elections Council "The Council was created to facilitate a process for the Hawaiian people to determine whether a sovereign Hawaiian government will be created and what form it might take."
Information on Kaho`olawe "Mission of the Protect Kaho‘olawe ‘Ohana: To perpetuate Aloha ‘Aina throughout our islands through cultural, educational and spiritual activities that heal and revitalize the cultural and natural resources on Kaho‘olawe."
Nation of Hawai`i "The cause of Hawaii and independence is larger and dearer than the life of any man connected with it. Love of country is deep-seated in the breast of every Hawaiian, whatever his station."
  - Lili`uokalani, Hawaii's last Queen

Other U.S. Tribes/Nations

Web Page Title Comments
Abenaki Homepage "Unfortunately, we are not officially recognized as a tribe by the United States - in fact the United States lists us as extinct. But, I don't feel extinct, so I have made this site in an effort to educate people about my ancestors and as a means of assisting other to trace their Indian ancestral roots, and learn of our ancestor's heritage."
Ani-Stohini/Unami Nation "The Ani-Stohini/Unami Nation is a small Indian tribe located in the mountains of southern Appalachia primarily in the seven mountain counties of Carroll, Grayson, Wythe, Washington, Smyth, Patrick, and Floyd in the state of Virginia and Surry and Alleghany Counties in North Carolina."
Aquidneck Indian Council "American Indian Place Names in Rhode Island: Past and Present is a continuation of the Massachusett Language Revival Program, initiated under the aegis of the Aquidneck Indian Council in Newport, RI, and documented in the publications held by the U.S. Library of Congress."
Blackfeet Nation "Welcome to the premier source on the web for information about the Great Blackfeet Nation of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation in northern Montana.  Browse our site for information regarding the rich culture and colorful history of the Pikuni people."
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma "Welcome to the official web site of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. We hope that you find these pages helpful and informative as you explore the work of our government and the culture of our people."
Chickasaw Nation "Mission:  To enhance the overall quality of life of the Chickasaw people."
Choctaw Nation Of Oklahoma "Welcome to the Official Home Page of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. Through this technology you will be kept abreast of the latest happenings within your tribe, and advised of upcoming events. Historic information will be accessible, and the Programs section will provide highlights o­n all tribal programs and services available to the Indian people."
Churchville Nature Center This is a "...a unique place for education, preservation and recreation, the Churchville Nature Center is a facility of the Bucks County Department of Parks and Recreation."
Citizen Potawatomi Tribe "Pow wows are an interesting amalgam of social elements.  They’re sort of a cross between a family reunion, a county fair, a church service, a Memorial Day parade, and an athletic competition. To the uninitiated it can be confusing as to which part is which -- what requires silent reverence and when it’s okay to laugh and point."
Costanoan-Ohlone Indian Canyon Resource  
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians "In November of 1977 the Confederated Tribes of Siletz  was the second tribe in the U S and the first in Oregon to be restored to federal recognition."
Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes  
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation "Since time immemorial, we have lived on the Columbia River Plateau. Specifically, our homeland is the area now known as northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington."
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indians  
Creek Heritage "The Muscogee were named "Creek" by the English because they were settled along the fertile creeks and streams in Alabama and Georgia. The Musogee were agriculturalists and traders. They had formed the Creek Confederacy to resist attack from the northern tribes. In the early 1800's, they were removed to Indian Territory and have re-established their tribal government."
Delaware Tribe "The name DELAWARE was given to the people who lived along the Delaware River, and the river in turn was named after Lord de la Warr, the governor of the Jamestown colony. The name Delaware later came to be applied to almost all Lenape people. In our language, which belongs to the Algonquian language family, we call ourselves LENAPE (len-NAH-pay) which means something like "The People." Our ancestors were among the first Indians to come in contact with the Europeans (Dutch, English, & Swedish) in the early 1600s. The Delaware were called the "Grandfather" tribe because we were respected by other tribes as peacemakers since we often served to settle disputes among rival tribes."
Documents from the Bulletin Board of the Taino Indians of the Caribbean and Florida "The Taino people living in the mountainous regions of the Caribbean Islands faced economic hardship. Because they were by tradition farmers, Taino workers from the Islands and from Florida entered into contracts with farmers in southern New Jersey to supply agricultural labor in the production of vegetables."
Hannahville Indian Community (Potawatomi), MI "The Hannahville Indian Community Tribe of Potawatomi Indians is a growing and diverse community located in the heart of Michigan's Upper Peninsula.  There are approximately 680 tribal members currently living on the reservation."
Havasupai Tribe "We are Havasu 'Baaja. Currently our tribe is comprised of about 650 enrolled tribal members. Approximately 450 people live here in Supai. Our native language, Havasupai, is our preferred way to communicate. It has been a written languagefor about 20 years. We are very resourceful people and proud of our beautiful land. "
Huron-Wendat Newsletter  
Indian Cultural Organization "Our ceremonial sites are in danger as a result of the careless management of the US Department of the Interior and through desecration at the hands of others. ICO is involved in the struggle to maintain the rights guaranteed through the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, Indian Child Welfare Act, Native American Graves and Repatriation Act and those guranteed through the Snyder Act and our treaties with the US government."
Inupiat of Arctic Alaska "Prior to the arrival of European explorers in the late 18th and early 19th century, Arctic Alaska, stretching from Norton Sound to the Canadian border, was the location of numerous distinct Inupiaq-speaking groups each associated with a particular territory. As described by Ernest Burch Jr., an anthropologist with extensive knowledge of northwest Alaskan Inupiat, some of these people remained close to their home districts while others were more mobile. All, however, tended to be endogamous."
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe

“The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe seeks to be self-sufficient and to provide quality governmental programs and services to address the unique social, cultural, natural resource and economic needs of our people. These programs and services must be managed while preserving, restoring and sustaining our Indian heritage and community continuity.”

Jicarilla Apache Tribe "The name Jicarilla means "little basket" and denotes an art form that made the basket makers famous. Beadwork, leatherwork, and painting are other skilled handicrafts mastered by some tribal members which may be purchased at the Tribal Arts and Crafts Museum or Jicarilla Inn Gift Shop."
Kaw Nation "Formerly known as the Kanza (or Kansa) people, the Kaws are a federally recognized Indian tribe officially known as The Kaw Nation of Oklahoma. Presently there are 2,573 enrolled members who under a legal agreement with the United States Department of Interior conduct tribal business from their tribal headquarters at Kaw City in northern Oklahoma."
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community  
Kuiu Thling-git' Nation  
Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe "Welcome to the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe. We are a Native American Indian Tribe on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State."
Lumbee Tribe "The ancestors of the Lumbee were mainly Cheraw and related Siouan-speaking Indians who have lived in the area of what is now Robeson County since the 1700s. The Lumbee people have been recognized by the state of North Carolina since 1885, and at the same time established a separate school system that would benefit tribal members."
Mohican/Stockbridge-Munsee Indian People "In this group the Mohicans are probably around 70% and the Munsees 20%. The Wappinger-Munsees formed a sizable group but until further research has been done on this I will estimate them to be around 10%. Some individuals or small groups of New England tribes may have found their way into this group. The Munsees were the last group to join the Mohicans."
Mattaponi Indian Reservation "The Mattaponi Indian Reservation was created from land long held by the Tribe by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1658. Being one of the oldest reservations in the country, the Tribe traces its history back to the Great Chief Powhatan, father of Pocahontas, who ruled most of Tidewater Virginia when Europeans arrived in 1607. The story of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith begins here."
Mechoopda Indian Tribe! "The Mechoopda Indian Rancheria, represented today by the Wilson Home located at 620 Sacramento Avenue in Chico, California, is one of the last remaining buildings of the historic rancheria that was situated on General John Bidwell's ranch."
Muscogee Creek Nation "The Muscogee (Creek) Nation is a tribal government located in east central Oklahoma.  The Creek Nation boundary includes eleven (11) Counties:  Creek, Hughes (Tukvpvtce), Mayes, McIntosh, Muskogee, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Rogers, Seminole, Tulsa and Wagoner."
Narragansett Indian Tribe "The Narragansett Indians are the descendants of the aboriginal people of the State of Rhode Island. Archaeological evidence and the oral history of the Narragansett People establish their existence in this region more than 30,000 years ago. This history transcends all written documentaries and is present upon the faces of rock formations and through oral history."
Nee-me-poo or Nez Perce "The Nez Perce originally lived in three of the most rugged river canyons in the Northwest--the canyons of Idaho's Clearwater, Salmon, and Snake Rivers. The Snake's Hells Canyon, with its staircase rapids rushing through a chasm deeper than that of the Grand Canyon, contains more than 112 pictographs left by the Nez Perce ancestors, in addition to well-worn trails down the canyon's steep walls."
Nez Perce Tribe Seeks To Reclaim Their Past "The Nez Perce were famous among Western tribes for the quality of their horses and sophisticated breeding. In 1805, when Lewis and Clark stumbled out of the Bitterroot Mountains into present-day eastern Idaho after a torturous trip, the Nez Perce gave them food and shelter. In his journal, Meriwether Lewis wrote of the Nez Perce: "Their horses appear to be an excellent race. Many of them look like fine English coursers and would make a figure in any country."
Nipmuc Indian Association of Connecticut "Nipmuc Indians are the original people of central New England, and are among the "Eastern Woodlands" or Algonquian Indians of the Eastern United States. Before the arrival of European settlers in the 1600s, the Nipmuc (or "Fresh Water People") lived in numerous band encampments, or ëvillagesí, near bodies of fresh water in a territory (called ëNipnetí) which extended from the present day Vermont and New Hampshire borders, through Worcester County in Massachusetts, into northern Rhode Island, and into northeastern Connecticut as far south as Plainfield."
Ohio Shawnee Indians "Originally southern Ohio, West Virginia, and western Pennsylvania. The Shawnee were driven from this area by the Iroquois sometime around the 1660s and then scattered in all directions to South Carolina, Tennessee's Cumberland Basin, eastern Pennsylvania, and southern Illinois. By 1730 most of the Shawnee had returned to their homeland only to be forced to leave once again - this time by American settlement. Moving first to Missouri and then Kansas, the main body finally settled in Oklahoma after the Civil War."
Osage " When the European first met the Wazhazhe, they translated, using rough French phonetics, the name of one division of the tribe, the Wazhazhe, into the word "Osage." Osage has been the name that the European-Americans have used to identify the tribe."
Pinoleville Band of Pomo Indians  
Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy Reservation "The Quoddy Loop area of Maine and New Brunswick was once occupied exclusively by the Passamaquoddy, and related tribes. These people lived by their skills on the abundant natural resources of woods, mountains, and waters. During the winter, the tribe would move inland, relying on hunting in the forests, while in summer, they would move to the coast and outlying islands to fish."
Prairie Band Potawatomi "The Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation is a tribal unit that originated in the Great Lakes area many years ago. During this time, the tribe was an autonomous and prosperous group living off the bountiful natural resources of the Great Lakes. What they couldn't catch in the lakes or hunt in the forests, they acquired through trade with other tribes and later with the non-Indians."
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribes "The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribes' Reservation is located thirty five miles northeast of Reno, Nevada in a remote desert area located in the counties of Washoe, Lyon, and Storey. The area of the reservation contains 475,000 acres or 742.2 sqare miles. Out of this acreage approximately 112,000  acres cover the surface of a terminal desert lake, Pyramid Lake. Pyramid Lake is one of the most valuable assets of the Tribe and is entirely enclosed within the boundaries of the Reservation. Pyramid Lake is approximately 15 miles long and 11 miles wide. Pyramid Lake measures 350 feet at it's deepest point."
Quinault Indian Nation  
Ramapough Mountain Indians "The Ramapough Mountain People, also known locally, and in the pejorative as “The Jackson Whites,” are an extended clan of closely interrelated families living in the Ramapo Mountains and their more remote valleys principally in Bergen County, New Jersey, but also in immediately adjacent Passaic County, New Jersey, and Rockland County, New York. Their largely Dutch surnames, de Groot, de Fries, van der Donck, and Mann, in all their variant spellings, are among the oldest in the countryside and predate the Revolutionary War."
Rankokus Indian Reservation "Welcome to the Powhatan Renape Nation, an American Indian Nation located at the Rankokus Indian Reservation in Westampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey. We are recognized by the state of New Jersey as an American Indian Nation, as well as a non-profit entity. In addition to providing social services to the American Indian community in New Jersey, our goal is to educate the non-Indian community about our traditional ways, beliefs, traditions, and culture. This page is one way we intend to enlighten all about our history, events, Museum, and other activities."
Sandy Lake Band of Ojibwe "Sandy Lake Band's history as an Indian Group can be trace to the 1730s, when westward Ojibwe expansion reached beyond the Great Lakes to the Sandy Lake area of what is now Aitkin County in Minnesota. The Sandy Lakers played a vital role in establishing a permanent Ojibwe presence in the north-central Minnesota region."
Sac and Fox Nation "The Asakiwaki (Sauk) and Meshkwahkihaki (Mesquakie/Fox) are Algonquin-speaking peoples originally from the northeastern United States. Asakiwaki means "people of the yellow earth" and Meshkwahkihawi means "people of the red earth". These two distinct Native American nations are united in Oklahoma as the Sac and Fox Nation."
Sagkeeng First Nation "Sagkeeng made headlines when an alcohol and solvent abuse treatment centre, touted as one of the largest and most modern in the country, was shut down by Ottawa."
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community "The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community is comprised of two Native American tribes: the Pima- "Akimel Au-Authm," (River People) and the Maricopa- "Xalychidom Piipaash," (People who live toward the water)."
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma "The Seminoles are a very proud people, devoted to their heritage and traditions. They believe strongly in their culture, which is displayed in many ways, including Stomp Dances Art, Storytelling, Music, and the devotion to their loved ones who pass on."
Seminole Tribe of Florida "In the early days of its existence, the fledgling United States government carried out a policy of displacement and extermination against the American Indians in the eastern US, systematically removing them from the path of "white" settlement. Until 1821, Florida remained under the control of the government of Spain but the US Territories of Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana were its covetous next-door neighbors."
Southern Jersey Taino Tribe of Jatibonico "The Taino mestizo people living in the mountainous regions of the Caribbean Islands faced economic hardship. Because they were by tradition farmers, Taino workers from the Islands and from Florida entered into contracts with farmers in southern New Jersey to supply agricultural labor in the production of vegetables."
Southern Ute Tribe "The oldest continuous residents of Colorado are the Ute Indians. It is not known exactly when the Utes came from the north and west and inhabited the mountainous areas of the present-day states of Colorado , Utah (which name comes from the Ute people), and New Mexico. We do know that the earliest Utes came into the present day United States along the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains."
Taino Inter-Tribal Council  
Tamustalik Cultural Institute "At the Tamustslikt Cultural Institute ("tamustalik" means "interpreter" in the language of the Walla Wallas), the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation will present and interpret the epoch of westward migration from the perspective of the first Americans. Their voices and collective memories, the objects of their culture and their history provide a mirror to the vitality of their lifestyle and the consequences of major events in American history."
Titskanwatitch Tribe of Texas "The time has come for the Titskanwatitch to come out of hiding! If you are descended from a member of the eleven Bands of Tonkawa that stayed in Texas, the Karankawa that survived the massacre, or the Lipan Apache that allied and blended with the Tonkawa, contact me for details concerning Tribal membership."
Tlingit National Anthem "This is the story of the Tlingit National Anthem, a song that entwines our people with their past and keeps our ancient heritage alive. At potlatch ceremonies, Tlingit elders sing the anthem and tell how it came about-for many years in secret, for this ritual was long forbidden by the government-always passing the story on to the new generations."
Traditional Abenaki of Mazipskwik "We are a Native American Nation comprised of descendants of the Alnobak (Abenaki Indians) that have inhabited N'Dakinna, also known as Vermont, Southern Quebec and parts of New York state and New Hampshire for over 12,000 years. As a people, Western Abenakis trace their roots to the Lenni Lenape and share most of the traditions, stories, ceremonies and language of our Algonkian relations."
Tsnungwe Council "It is said that the Immortals lived at Hleldin, "the place where the rivers come together" in the days before the first men. When the Immortals left to live beyond the ocean, they left Hleldin for the first men. For thousands of years life in Hleldin, principal village of the Tsnungwe, remained essentially the same."
United South and Eastern Tribes

"United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc. is dedicated to enhancing the development of Indian Tribes, to improving the capabilities of Tribal governments, and assisting the member Tribes and their governments in dealing effectively with public policy issues and in serving the broad needs of Indian people."

United Tribe of Shawnee Indians  "When you arise in the morning give thanks for the food and for the joy of living. If you see no reason for giving thanks, the fault lies only in yourself. Abuse no one and nothing, for abuse turns the wise ones to fools and robs the spirit of its vision. When it comes your time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so that when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song and die like a hero going home."
__ Chief Tecumseh, Shawnee Nation
Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California "We have always been a unique tribe. When the Maker scattered the seeds of humanity a few were left over. With all other areas taken he gave the Washoe a place he had saved for himself, Lake Tahoe. He knew we would protect this special place, as we have for over 9,000 years."
Wyandot Nation of Kansas "The Wyandot Nation of Kansas is made up of those formerly known as "absentee" or "citizen class" Wyandot Indians.  The Wyandot Nation of Kansas is currently petitioning the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs for federal recognition and was incorporated in 1959. The Wyandot Nation of Kansas is dedicated to the preservation of Wyandot history and culture and the preservation, protection, restoration and maintenance of the Huron Indian Cemetery in Kansas City, Kansas."
Web Page Title Comments
Cree Communities of James Bay and Northern Quebec, Canada "Welcome to the Cree Regional Authority (CRA) section of the GCC website. The CRA is the administrative arm of the Cree government. It has responsibilities in respect to environmental protection, the hunting, fishing and trapping regime (Section 22), economic and community development, the Board of Compensation, and other matters as decided by the board of directors."
Grand Council of the Crees "Welcome to the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Web site, where we share with the world our vision for our nation. Here we explain to interested observers our culture, values, problems and hopes and describe our many political, cultural, social, economic and spiritual activities. In addition we offer readers links to major stories of aboriginal interest in other parts of Canada and around the world."
Gwich'in of Alaska and Canada "For Millennia, the Gwich'in have occupied the southern slopes of the Brooks Range in Alaska. The climate of this interior subarctic environment is characterized by long, cold winters and short, warm summers. Except for the periodically flooded islands and lowlands of the Yukon River Flats, the land is covered by boreal forest. Overall, the terrain varies from the rugged Brooks Range to the broad river valleys of the middle Yukon and Mackenzie."
Indian Brook Band

"Mattie Mitchell was represented by all as a Mi'Kmaq hunter and guide. He located the ore body which was mined at Buchans, Newfoundland.He herbed the reindeer which Dr. Wilfred Grenfell brought to the Northern Peninsula. Among the Mi'Kmaq, he was respected as being of a chiefly Lineage. He lived in Halls Bay, Rockey Harbour and Corner Brook."

Innu Nation "The Innu Nation is the governing body of the Innu of Labrador. It represents the collective rights and interests of approximately 1,700 Innu people in two communities, Sheshatshiu and Davis Inlet (Utshimassit) under the direction of an elected Board of Directors. Legally, the Innu Nation is a federally incorporated not-for-profit corporation, first incorporated as the Naskapi-Montagnais Innu Association (NMIA) in 1977."
Listuguj First Nation "The community of Listuguj is located strategically in the south-east corner of the province of Quebec, connecting to the Province of New Brunswick by a bridge at Campbellton. Highway 132 traverses the centre of the reserve, north of the residential section of the community. This is an important highway in Quebec as it is the south-eastern link to the Gaspe peninsula."
Louis Riel Métis Council "The trial of Riel for the charge of high treason began on July 28th, 1885, in Regina, Saskatchewan. Although the defendant was Métis, Catholic and French, the six-man jury assigned the duty of deciding Riel's fate was white, Protestant, and English. Witnesses for the defense were denied immunity; translators had to be used for most of the important testimony; and, Riel was not allowed to formally contest his lawyer's insanity defense."
Nisga'a Nation "For thousands of years Nisga'a have shared an identity as members of the Nisga'a nation. During this time they have had their own government and laws. In the 1860's the government of Briitsh Columbia established reserves in the Nass Valley. Since that time the Nisga'a have fought to regain control of their land."
Nisga'a Tribal Council "Since time immemorial, the Nisga'a have lived in the Nass River valley as members of an elaborate and complex society with its own cultural traditions, languages, territorial boundaries and systems of government and law. Despite the arrival of Europeans and the introduction of their traditions, the Nisga'a remain a distinct people with inherent rights of self-determination. These rights arise from ancestory, from the land and from the Creator."
Nunavut "In the Inuit language of Inuktitut, Nunavut means "Our Land". It is the name given to the ancestral home of the Inuit of the central and eastern Arctic, and to the new Territory of Nunavut in Canada's eastern Arctic."
Nunavut Planning Commission "The Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) was established under the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and is responsible for land use planning and various aspects of environmental reporting and management in the new Territory."
Old Crow: Land of the Vuntut Gwitch'in "Old Crow is a First Nation settlement of Vuntut Gwitch'in people located 770 km north of Whitehorse, capital of the Yukon Territory, and 112 km north of the Arctic Circle. Old Crow has a population of approximately 300 people. The ancestors of the Old Crow people settled at New Rampart House near the Alaska (U.S.A.) border in the 1870s. They moved up from there to the muskrat breeding grounds at the confluence of the Crow and Porcupine rivers in the 1930s. The present community of Old Crow is named after Walking Crow, a revered chief who died in the 1870s."
Other Métis "There are virtually millions of people of mixed Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry in Canada and the United States. Some of these people identify themselves as Métis and some do not. This site is dedicated to those individuals, communities, and Nations who want to assert their Metis identity and heritage as a living and valuable contribution to modern life."
Oujé-Bougoumou "The history of the Ouje-Bougoumou Crees throughout the better part of this century is a sad story of abuse, dispossession, and neglect by the combined efforts of mining and forestry companies and successive governments at both the provincial and federal levels. Our people are the traditional inhabitants of a territory situated in northern Quebec comprised of 1000 square miles which has never been ceded, surrendered or conquered. Our traditional territory includes two non-aboriginal towns which depend almost exclusively on mining and forest industries as their economic base."
Quebec's Northern Crees "Welcome to the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) Web site, where we share with the world our vision for our nation. Here we explain to interested observers our culture, values, problems and hopes and describe our many political, cultural, social, economic and spiritual activities. In addition we offer readers links to major stories of aboriginal interest in other parts of Canada and around the world."

"The Secwepemc People, known by non-natives as the Shuswap, are a Nation of 17 bands occupying the south-central part of the Province of British Columbia, Canada. The ancestors of the Secwepemc people have lived in the interior of British Columbia for at least 10,000 years. At the time of contact with Europeans in the late 18th century, the Secwepemc occupied a vast territory, extending from the Columbia River valley on the east slope of the Rocky Mountains to the Fraser River on the west and from the upper Fraser River in the north to the Arrow Lakes in the south. Traditional Shuswap territory covers approximately 145,000 square kilometres (56,000 square miles)."

Treaty 7 "When Treaty Seven was made in 1877, it became the last in a series of agreements concluded between the Government of Canada and the Indians of the North-West during the decade of the 1870's. Upon it's conclusion, more than twenty years would pass before another treaty was made."
T'Sou-ke Nation "Name derived from the Sook tribe of Straits Salishans. The Sook were nearly annihilated in a combined attack of the Cowichans, Clallums and Nitinahts launched about 1848. The derivation of "sooke" is unknown. It was earlier spelled "Soke" and pronounced "soak". Very early exposure to Europeans due to the association with the Hudson's Bay Company. Reserves allotted by the Joint Reserve Commission in 1877."
U'mista Cultural Centre "The U'mista Cultural Society was incorporated under the British Columbia Societies Act on March 22, 1974. Since that time it has worked towards fulfilling a mandate to ensure the survival of all aspects of the cultural heritage of the Kwakwaka'wakw. To facilitate the accomplishment of this mandate, the Board of Directors, composed of any person who is an individual, family or honorary member and can trace ancestry to a member of any tribe of the Kwakwaka'wakw, is responsible for developing, implementing and monitoring all policy."
Walpole Island "Walpole Island Indian Reserve is nestled between Ontario, Canada and Michigan, USA at the mouth of the St. Clair River. Occupied by aboriginal people for thousands of years, it is today home to 2,000 Ojibwa, Potawatomi and Ottawa. Having a common heritage they formed the Council of Three Fires--a political and cultural compact that has survived the test of time."

Latin America

Web Page Title Comments (These are mostly English language sites because of the nature of my students.)
A Mayan Struggle This tells about the Mayan struggle to maintain their way of life through a group of photographs.
Asmara Page "Quechua or Kechwa was the language of the Inca State destroyed by Spaniards, and is still spoken by millions of natives in the Andean region, mainly in Bolivia and Peru bat also in Ecuador, Colombia and Argentina."
Cultures of the Andes This is a collection of links.
Mapuche "The Rehue Foundation was founded in 1990 as an organization which gives support to small projects of the indigenous communities mapuche in Chile. The foundation is an independent nongovernmental organization (NGO) on non-profit base. Our mayor objective is to improve the life conditions of the mapuche communities. The Rehue Foundation also attempts to protect, promote and defend the collective and individual rights of the mapuche people."
Mexican Heritage Almanac This is a collection of dates important to the holder of this site.
Na Bolom Cultural Centre  
Todos Santos Cuchumatan "The municipality is located in the department of Huehuetenango in northwestern Guatemala. Most of the approximately 25,000 people living here are Maya who speak a language known as Mam. This web site is meant to serve as a means for members of this community to promote their civic improvement projects among English-speaking users of the Internet."
What do Mexicans celebrate on the "Day of the Dead?" "The original celebration can be traced to the festivities held during the Aztec month of Miccailhuitontli, ritually presided by the goddess Mictecacihuatl ("Lady of the Dead"), and dedicated to children and the dead. The rituals during this month also featured a festivity dedicated to the major Aztec war deity, Huitzilopochtli ("Sinister Hummingbird"). In the Aztec calendar, this ritual fell roughly at the end of the Gregorian month of July and the beginning of August, but in the postconquest era it was moved by Spanish priests so that it coincided with the Christian holiday of All Hallows Eve (in Spanish: "Día de Todos Santos,") in a vain effort to transform this from a "profane" to a Christian celebration."
What is the Indian population of México? "In all of "Latin-America" there is an Amerindian population that totals 48,959,838."
 The Indians of Brazil
Web Page Title Comments
Zapatista Net of Autonomy and Liberation "We have learned to speak and to listen, to walk without exclusions, to respect the distinct levels and thinking, to not impose our ideas and not to decree obedience to history, but above all to recognize and correct our errors. And it is from all of you from whom we have learned all of this."
Zapotecs "The purpose of this site is to promote Zapotec rugs and to educate people about the underlying Zapotec culture and long tradition of weaving. These rugs should be appreciated not only for their obvious beauty, but for the rich tradition they represent. I'd like to give you a glimpse of the world that lies behind these beautiful works of functional art."
Other Cultural Resources
Web Page Title Comments
American Indian Ethnobotany "Herbs used mostly by Anishinaabeg people; Indian names may be individual to the person describing and furnishing plant specimens. Different names were given to different parts of the plant, and to its different uses in food or medicine sometimes. Botannical names are current international standard."
Cultural Diffusion: A Day in the Life of a 100% American "Our solid American citizen awakens in a bed built on a pattern which originated in the Near East but which was modified in Northern Europe before it was transmitted to America. He throws back covers made from cotton, domesticated in India, or linen, domesticated in the Near East, or wool from sheep, also domesticated in the Near East, or silk, the use of which was discovered in China. All of these materials have been spun and woven by processes invented in the Near East. He slips into his moccasins, invented by the Indians of the Eastern woodlands, and goes to the bathroom, whose fixtures are a mixture of European and American inventions, both of recent date."
EthnobotDB--Worldwide Plant Uses "Provides information concerning world-wide medicinal usage for 80,000 plants. User may search or browse the data."